The viticultural mosaic of her winery…
is made up of seven plots consisting of 20 hectares of vineyards certified by the Balearic Ecological Agriculture Council and Demeter for organic and biodynamic viticulture. Vineyards grow on calcareous clay, limestone, and cal vermell, a red clay soil rich in iron. In addition to championing native varieties such as prensal, callet, mantonegro, giró blanc, and gorgollasa, Bàrbara has retained some of the earliest French varieties originally planted in Mallorca by her mother and father more than 40 years ago. These plantings include old vine syrah, cabernet sauvignon, and chardonnay. Together, they represent a tribute to Mallorcan viticulture’s past, present, and future; living together harmoniously in Mallorca’s oldest biodynamically-farmed vineyard. This vineyard, called Son Porquer, is one of the most beautiful on the island, featuring an old mill standing sentinel among the vines, surrounded by trees. Bàrbara is passionate about preserving this vineyard’s history, as it is an essential piece of the history of Mallorca and a roadmap for the future. However, the future of Mesquida Mora lies strictly in the propagation of varieties indigenous to Mallorca, and she has begun the process of grafting over many of the foreign varieties.
Her passion has recently taken her to plant more than one hundred fruit trees throughout her vineyards, further encouraging the biodiversity of her environment, which promotes regeneration of the soil. Once found throughout pre-tourism Mallorca, this interconnectedness is the blueprint for the direction of her project in the future. When Bàrbara’s great-grandfather Jaume Mesquida, a peasant in poor, rural Mallorca, opened a small winery in 1945, vines and fruit trees were mixed in the vineyards as the apricot industry was a major business in the village of Porreres. Among many other things, by planting new grape varieties and bringing the first stainless steel tanks to the island, Jaume Mesquida contributed to the renaissance of wine in the Balearics. Now Bàrbara is bringing that unique Mallorcan story full circle by honoring her grandparents’ tradition by combining the knowledge of their practices with modern innovations.
The jewel of the family and one of the oldest callet vineyards on the island, d’Es Pou de Sa Carrera, near the town of Felanitx, is traditionally planted, as in the past, with fruit trees intermixed with bush-trained vines. The 80-year-old parcel is an important part of the identity of her beautifully perfumed and elegant cuvée Sòtil, considered one of the most exceptional red wines produced on the island, in miniscule quantity.
“To stimulate the health of our vines, we perform all the tasks by hand, following the most propitious movements of the stars. With the aim of bequeathing rich, fertile soils to the future generations, the management of our vineyards is based on a dialogue with nature: we sow our own vegetable covers, apply biodynamic compost and preparations as well as use infusions of medicinal plants. All of these techniques help us to achieve grapes of the highest quality, an expression of the triangle sun-climate-variety.”
In her tiny winery, Bàrbara is a minimalist, allowing her exceptional farming to do the talking, with very little intervention. All wines spontaneously ferment with indigenous yeasts, and sulfur levels are kept to the bare minimum during production, with none added at bottling, as vintage allows.