The groundbreaking Mesquida Mora winery in Mallorca was established by Bàrbara Mesquida Mora in 2012 near the town of Porreres, producing wines in the DO Plà i Llevant and VdlT Mallorca designations in the southern and eastern areas of the island.
After leaving behind the winery created by her great-grandfather in 1945 in Porreres, Bàrbara started on her project from scratch with vineyards inherited from her mother. Previously, Bàrbara managed the family winery for eight years, from 2004 until 2012, and was one of the first Demeter biodynamic certifications in Spain in 2007. Previously to her winemaking career, Bàrbara studied Medieval literature and Catalan language in Barcelona. Language and culture are like air and water for her and inform the entire project. She is among the vanguard of young producers recuperating the unique cultural and viticultural matrix of traditional Mallorcan agriculture.
The viticultural jigsaw of her winery is made up of seven plots consisting of 20 hectares of vineyards, which are certified by the Balearic Ecological Agriculture Council and Demeter for organic and biodynamic viticulture. Vineyards grow on calcareous clay, limestone and cal vermell, red clay that is rich in iron. In addition to championing native varieties such as prensal, callet, mantonegro, giró ros, and gorgollasa, Bàrbara has kept some of the international varieties by her father, including old vines syrah, cabernet sauvignon, merlot, and chardonnay. Together they draw a varietal mosaic and are the first examples of foreign varieties planted in Mallorca, which live alongside the island’s autochthonous varieties quite harmoniously. This vineyard, called Son Porquer, is one of the most beautiful on the island, featuring an old mill standing sentinel among the vines. Bàrbara is passionate about preserving this vineyard’s history, as it is an essential piece of the history of Mallorca.
Recently, her passion has taken her to plant more than one hundred trees among her vineyards, further encouraging a polyculture environment. This interconnectedness, once found throughout Mallorca, is the blue-print for her project in the future.
When Bàrbara’s great-grandfather Jaume Mesquida, a peasant in poor rural Mallorca, opened a small winery in 1945, vines and fruit trees were mixed in the vineyards as the apricot industry was a major business in the village of Porreres. Among many other things, by planting new grape varieties and bringing the first stainless steel tanks to the island, Jaume Mesquida contributed to the renaissance of wine in the Balearics.
The jewel of the family and one of the oldest callet vineyards on the island, d’Es Pou de Sa Carrera near the town of Felanitx, is traditionally planted, as in the past, with fruit trees intermixed with the vines. Bàrbara still farms that 70-year-old parcel and it is an important part of the identity of her cuvée Sòtil.
“To stimulate the health of our vines, we perform all the tasks by hand, following the most propitious movements of the stars. With the aim of bequeathing rich, fertile soils to the future generations, the management of our vineyards is based on a dialogue with nature: we sow our own vegetable covers, apply biodynamic compost and preparations as well as use infusions of medicinal plants. All of these techniques help us to achieve grapes of the highest quality, an expression of the triangle sun-climate-variety.”
All wines are fermented with indigenous yeasts and SO2 levels are kept to the bare minimum during production and not added at bottling.
From her stewardship of old vineyards in Mallorca, to her striking label designs and the names of each wine; the intention and energy of her project are powerful and clear. In Bàrbara’s words:
“I am very fortunate, I was born in a little paradise. Bathed by the saltwater and the sun of the Mediterranean, Mallorca (ACROLLAM) is my homeland. I grew up among vines, barrels, and grapes and the years have led me to believe that there are no coincidences (in Catalan, casualitats), only causality. We live in synchrony (SINCRONIA) and nothing happens by accident. At a moment when I had neither ceiling (SÒTIL) or floor (TRISPOL), I decided to strike out on my new path, Mesquida Mora, because the coincidences of life are only the tip of an iceberg called destiny.”
Bàrbara chose the wine names and the designs of the bottle labels with great care; the relevance of each reveals how much thought went into every stage of her own project.
“The labels of Sincronia wines are composed of small fragments of colored paper, like life itself, representing the vines where they were born, composing a picture that evokes the Mediterranean essence of our island, Mallorca. If Sincronia Blanc is illustrated with a boat, it is because it symbolizes the will and ambition to cross new seas and oceans, while Sincronia Negre is represented by a lighthouse to remind us always of our home port.”